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Samba & Choro

The origin of samba is controversial. Some researchers claim it to have been in Bahia; others, in Rio de Janeiro, early in the XX Century. The first samba to be recorded was "Pelo Telefone", in 1917, by Donga. The main types of samba are:

Samba-Enredo: Samba with descriptive lyrics. The songwriters have to be affiliated to an “Escola de Samba” (school of samba) and it is composed aiming to be performed at the Carnival feasts, during the Carnival parade. They are usually played at faster tempos, with little harmonic instrumentation (usually just an acoustic guitar and a Cavaquinho), so all the attention is focused on the strong percussion group of instruments (here in Brazil, called "Bateria") and on the samba's singer (“puxador”).

Samba-Canção: Samba running slow tempo with usually sentimental themes and lyrics, with a simplified Samba's rhythmic cells. It is considered the "Brazilian Blues".

Partido-Alto (Samba de Roda): Samba well cadenced at medium tempos. This form presents a refrain that is repeated and improvised stanzas. In Bahia, it is called Samba de Roda.

Batucada: Samba which uses only percussion instruments. The guiding instrument is usually the whistle.

Samba de Breque: It is the Party High with brakes. Usually something is spoken and, then, the music returns. An exponent of this genre is Moreira da Silva.

Choro: Born in Rio de Janeiro, Choro emerged in the late nineteenth century (1870) as a Brazilian way of playing European music (Waltzes and Polkas). The Choro has the Rondo form, in other words, it is divided into 3 parts: A-B-A-C-A with part C usually modulating to the homonymy, or for its IV or V degrees of tonality. Choro, in the 30s and 40s, has the instrumental virtuosity and improvisation as characteristic, usually in fast tempos. It is also considered a Brazilian parallel to the American Jazz, due to the technical requirement of the instrumentalist. Some more daring ones venture in the field of improvisation.

Some artists who represent Samba: Noel Rosa, Dorival Caymmi, Donga, Moreira da Silva, Adoniram Barbosa, Paulo Vanzolini, Ataulfo Alves, Dona Ivone Lara, Paulinho da Viola, Candeia, Walter Alfaiate, Grupo Fundo de Quintal, Elton Medeiros, Beth Carvalho, Nelson Sargento, Leci Brandao, Zé Keti, Cartola, Herivelto Martins, Ary Barroso, Nelson Cavaquinho, Geraldo Pereira, Martinho da Vila, Assis Valente, Novos Baianos, Caetano Veloso, Gilberto Gil, Chico Buarque, Joyce, João Bosco, among others / Choro: Pixinguinha, Jacob do Bandolim, Waldir Azevedo, Ernesto Nazareth, Zequinha de Abreu, Altamiro Carrilho, Garôto, Dilermando Reis etc.

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CD GILBERTO GIL BALE DA BOLA COPA 1998 O GLOBO PROMOCIONAL RECORD BRAZIL
US$ 98.24
CD ZE DA VELHA SILVERIO PONTES 2000 CHORO SAMBA ROOTS BRAZIL
US$ 82.86
CD SIMONE CIGARRA 1978 GONZAGUINHA BOSSA FOLK JAZZ BRAZIL
US$ 82.86
CD PAULINHO DA VIOLA ZUMBIDO 1979 SAMBA ROOTS CHORO BRAZIL
US$ 82.86
CD IVAN LINS MODO LIVRE 1974 VEROCAI BURNIER SOUL GROOVE BOSSA SAMBA JAZZ BRAZIL
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US$ 82.86
CD GILBERTO GIL UNPLUGGED 1994 TROPICALIA BOSSA SAMBA PSYCH BRAZIL
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US$ 82.86
CD GILBERTO GIL PARABOLICAMARA 1991 FOLK PSYCH GROOVE BRAZIL
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CD GILBERTO GIL MILTON NASCIMENTO 2000 MINAS GROOVE BOSSA BRAZIL
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US$ 82.86
CD GILBERTO GIL DIA NORIM NOITE NEON 1985 FOLK REGIONAL BOSSA SAMBA BRAZIL
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CD GILBERTO GIL AO VIVO 1974 TROPICALIA ROCK PSYCH GROOVE BRAZIL
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CD GILBERTO GIL AO VIVO LIVE AT MONTREUX INTERNATIONAL JAZZ FESTIVAL SÃO PAULO 1978 ROCK FOLK PSYCH GROOVE BRAZIL
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CD ELIS REGINA TREM AZUL 1982 BOSSA JAZZ FOLK SAMBA BRAZIL
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CD ELIS REGINA FALSO BRILHANTE 1976 LATIN BOSSA FOLK  BRAZIL
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CD BADEN POWELL SOLITUDE ON GUITAR BOSSA NOVA INSTRUMENTAL BRAZIL
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CD ALDIR BLANC 50 ANOS 1996 BOSSA SAMBA IVAN LINS EDU LOBO MPB4 DORIVAL CAYMMI BRAZIL
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CD A VELHA GUARDA DA PORTELA PASSADO SAMBA ROOTS BRAZIL
US$ 85.22
CD SIMONE DEBUT 1973 BOSSA NOVA GAYA  FOLK MELOW JAZZ BRAZIL
US$ 82.86
CD GILBERTO GIL REFAZENDA 75 REGIONAL FOLK PSYCH BRAZIL
A Masterpiece by Gilberto Gil!
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